By Katsura Aoyama
During this monograph Katsura Aoyama offers a sequence of psycholinguistic investigations on consonantal differences in Finnish and jap. the writer deftly describes alterations in grownup creation, notion, and baby acquisition of those differences. this can be a tremendous paintings for these attracted to fresh advancements in theoretical and psycholinguistics.
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Extra info for A Psycholinguistic Perspective on Finnish and Japanese Prosody: Perception, Production and Child Acquisition of Consonantal Quantity Distinctions
Where the first vowel is significantly shorter than the second vowel in Finnish [ana], but significantly longer than the second vowel [anna] . Thus [ana] and [anna] contrast with each other not only in the duration of the medial nasal but also in vowel durations, whereas in Japanese, the contrast in vowel durations does not seem to contribute to the distinction between single and geminate nasals. In summary, single and geminate nasals as well as whole words containing single and geminate nasals are clearly differentiated from each other in Japanese.
7 Jakobson uses the term 'dental' . 8 All the descriptive terms for suffixes are the ones used in Shibatani (1987). 9 The vowels in case markers always match the one to which it is attached due to vowel harmony. 2 CHAPTER 4. 1. Purpose of the Experiments and Research Questions The purpose of the following experiments is to investigate how quantity contrasts, which are crucially related to the unit mora, are produced and perceived in two different languages, Finnish and Japanese. Native speakers' production and perception of singleton /n/ and geminate /nn/ are examined in four experiments.
J=-o· 10%· 15%· 20%· 25%· 30%· 35%· 40%· 45%· 50%· 55%· 60%· 65%· 70%· - - - Finnish: (h)ana - . - Finnish: (h)anna --+-Japanese: (h)ana _ _ Japanese: (h)ann Figure J1. Distributions of tokens by nasal proportion: Finnish and Japanese 44 there was no token of [ana] which had that small a nasal proportion in Japanese. In contrast, 35 out of 60 Japanese [ana] tokens had the nasal proportion around 30-39%. Table 11. The distribution of tokens by the nasal proportion Finnish % of the 1115 2 0 1619 11 0 2024 26 0 2529 14 0 3034 6 0 3539 I 6 4044 0 9 4549 0 16 5054 0 19 5559 0 7 6064 0 3 0 0 % of the nasal (h)ana 1115 0 1619 0 2024 8 2529 10 3034 17 3539 18 4044 5 4549 0 5054 2 5559 0 60- 65- 0 0 (h)anna 0 0 0 0 0 2 9 17 17 10 5 0 nasal (h)ana (h)anna 65- Japanese 64 There is also a much larger overlap in Japanese; 5 tokens of [ana] and 9 tokens of [anna] had about 40-44% of the nasal portion, and 2 tokens of [ana] had about 50% of the nasal portion (see Table 11).
A Psycholinguistic Perspective on Finnish and Japanese Prosody: Perception, Production and Child Acquisition of Consonantal Quantity Distinctions by Katsura Aoyama