By Ronald Grigor Suny, Terry Martin
This gathered quantity, edited by way of Ron Suny and Terry Martin, exhibits how the Soviet country controlled to create a multiethnic empire in its early years, from the top of the Russian Revolution to the tip of global struggle II. Bringing jointly the latest study on a large geographic diversity, from Russia to primary Asia, this quantity is key studying for college students and students of Soviet historical past and politics.
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Extra info for A State of Nations: Empire and Nation-Making in the Age of Lenin and Stalin
The problem for imperialism was creating and maintaining difference and distance between ruler and ruled. "37 Yet, at the base of European self-understandings lay the underlying problem of constructing and reproducing the categories of the colonized and the colonizer, keeping them distinct, one inferior to the other. "38 European ideas of citizenship were about membership in the nation, but that membership implied culture and learning. Attitudes toward both domestic lower classes and subject peoples in the colonies were bound up in serious questions of the boundaries of the nation—who should be included, and on what basis, and who should be excluded.
Michael W. Doyle's definition—"Empire . . "14 John A. 16 Borrowing from Armstrong and Doyle, I define empire as a particular form of domination or control between two units set apart in a hierarchical, inequitable relationship, more precisely a composite state in which a metropole dominates a periphery to the disadvantage of the periphery. Rather than limit empires and imperialism (the building and maintaining of empires) to relations between polities, I extend the definition of imperialism to the deliberate act or policy that furthers a state's extension or maintenance for the purpose of aggrandizement of that kind of direct or indirect political or economic control over any other inhabited territory that involves the inequitable treatment of those inhabitants in comparison with its own citizens or subjects.
18 If peripheries are fully integrated into the metropole, as various medieval Russian principalities were into Muscovy, and treated as well or badly as the metropolitan provinces, then the relationship is not imperial. Very important, the metropole need not be defined ethnically or geographically. It is the ruling institution. In several empires, rather than a geographic or ethnic distinction from the periphery, the ruling institution had a status or class character, a specially endowed nobility or political class, like the Osmanli in the Ottoman Empire, or the imperial family and upper layers of the landed gentry and bu- 26 Ronald Grigor Suny reaucracy in the Russian Empire, or, analogously, the Communist nomenklatura in the Soviet Union.
A State of Nations: Empire and Nation-Making in the Age of Lenin and Stalin by Ronald Grigor Suny, Terry Martin