By Anatoly M. Khazanov
A world-renowned anthropologist, Anatoly M. Khazanov bargains a witty, insightful, and cautionary research of ethnic nationalism and its pivotal position within the cave in of the Soviet empire.
“Khazanov’s encyclopedic wisdom of the heritage and tradition of post-Soviet societies, mixed with box learn there because the Nineteen Sixties, informs the case reports with a unique authoritative voice. This quantity is destined to be a completely precious reference for the knowledge of ethnic family and the politics of minorities within the ex-USSR into the subsequent century.”—Leonard Plotnicov, editor of Ethnology
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Extra info for After the USSR: Ethnicity, Nationalism, and Politics in Commonwealth of Independent States
Conclusion 1: Pragmatic We are looking at one of the most complex and difficult transitions imaginable. It will probably be measured in years, or perhaps even in decades. The three days inAugust 1991 were the prologue to yet another period of political, social, and economic instability. Interethnic conflicts continue,. and new independent states, many of which remain multiethnic, have been born amid violence and bloodshed. In an article submitted for publication in July 1992 (Khazanov 1994a), I claimed that the ethnic tensions and conflicts would continue to influence the political development of the Commonwealth of Independent States and its constituent republics, and singled out some specific problems in interethnic relations.
The emerging political superstructure in Russia in 1992 was still very different from a democratic order based on the division of legislative, executive, and judicial powers. In some postcommunist countries of Eastern Europe, such as Poland and Hungary, first, a multiparty political system became somewhat entrenched; then the economic reforms were initiated. In Russia, on the other hand, the elected 1990 Parliament, in which unconverted communists constituted a numerous and influential faction, did not reflect a new 1992 balance of political forces in the society.
The struggle to expand the use of languages of dominant nationalities in administrative practi<:t", education, and culture relates, not only to the growth of ethnic awan· ness and the desire to prevent acculturation, but also to a more mund:ciH' goal: to place members of one's own nationality in more advantagt·o o positions vis-a-vis competing members of other nationalities. 'l'he Collapse of the Soviet Union 49 As a result, many nationalities, such as Tuvinians, Bashkirs, or Buryat, may follow the example of Chechens and Tatars and try to achieve more Independence and/ or raise the status of their political formations vis-a-vis central Russian leadership, while those who lack autonomous formations will try to create something similar.
After the USSR: Ethnicity, Nationalism, and Politics in Commonwealth of Independent States by Anatoly M. Khazanov