By Jaakko Hintikka
Aristotle considered his common sense and method as purposes of the Socratic wondering strategy. specifically, common sense was once initially a research of solutions necessitated via previous solutions. For Aristotle, thought-experiments have been actual experiments within the feel that via knowing varieties in one's brain, it is easy to learn off their houses and interrelations. Treating varieties as self sufficient entities, knowable one after the other, dedicated Aristotle to his mode of syllogistic clarification. He didn't reflect on life, predication and identification as separate senses of estin. Aristotle hence serves to illustrate of a philosopher who didn't depend on the excellence among the allegedly varied Fregean senses, thereby laying off new mild on our personal conceptual presuppositions.
This assortment includes numerous amazing interpretations that Jaakko Hintikka has recommend through the years, constituting a problem not just to Aristotelian students and historians of rules, yet to every person attracted to common sense, epistemology or metaphysics and of their heritage.
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Extra resources for Analyses of Aristotle
Post. ) The similarities between my theory and Aristotle’s doctrine of categories are not accidental, but can be pushed further. For instance, one corollary to what we found is that Aristotle’s category of relation is not the class of relations. It has to be a class of predicates (cf. (vi) above), and hence it is the widest class of relational predicates. A closer look at what Aristotle says readily conﬁrms this prediction. This fact is an instructive instance of a much more general feature which is characteristic of the Aristotelian doctrine of categories.
5. Sophistical Refutations 5, 166b32–4. 6. Sophistical Refutations 5, 166b34–6. 7. Posterior Analytics B 2, 89b36–7. 8. Posterior Analytics B 7, 92b12–15. 9. See Immanuel Kant, Critique of Pure Reason, trans. Norman Kemp Smith (London: Macmillan, 1956), A598–602. 10. See for example, Posterior Analytics A 1, 71a24–9; B 7, 92b4–8; cf. 8, 93a27–8. 11. Cf. Jaakko Hintikka, ‘‘Knowledge and Its Objects in Plato,’’ in Knowledge and the Known (Dordrecht: D. Reidel, 1974), 1–30. 12. 1–2,’’ T he Review of Metaphysics 34 (1980): 71–89.
The answer to this question is more likely to depend on our self-imposed restrictions on metalogical notions than on is itself. 8. ARISTOTELIAN CATEGORIES RECONSTRUCTED At this point, a philosophical reader is likely to have a vivid de´ja` vu experience. For what seems to be emerging as a consequence of the basic assumptions of game-theoretical semantics is nothing but a modernized version of Aristotle’s doctrine of categories, not in its details (after all, Aristotle was dealing with a diﬀerent language), but in all of its leading theoretical ideas.
Analyses of Aristotle by Jaakko Hintikka